Robert Satloff writes in article published on 15th September 2011 “Needed: High Level U.S. Attention to the Dire Situation in Egypt” that “Everything America has accomplished in the Middle East during the last thirty years has been built on the foundation of the Camp David Accords and the transformation of Egypt from Soviet client to American ally”. As other ideasoneurope bloggers have mentioned gap between politics and economics (althougs it seems that from different angle) and the 17th of September marks the 33rd anniversary of the Camp David Accords that were signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on September 17, 1978, I thought that I could remind what Camp David Accords were about.
According to Wikipedia, Camp David Accords consist of two framework agreements: the first framework: “A Framework for Peace in the Middle East” concerning the Palestinian territories, and the second framework “A Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel” directly resulting in the 1979 Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty. The first agreement consisted of three parts – first, a framework for negotiations to establish an autonomous self-governing authority in the West Bank and the Gaza strip; to fully implement SC 242; recognized the “legitimate rights of the Palestinian people”; foresaw full autonomy of the people within a period of five years (discussed with Israel, Egypt, Jordan, and the Palestinians); foresaw withdrawal of Israeli troops from the West Bank and Gaza; second, a framework concerning Egyptian-Israeli relations; third, principles – “Associated Principles” – to be applied toward relations between Israel and all of its Arab neighbours. The second agreement constituted a framework for the peace treaty, included the future of the Sinai peninsula.
The that-time three main objectives for Arab-Israeli peace were: Arab recognition of Israel’s right to exist in peace, Israel’s withdrawal from occupied territories gained in the Six Day War, and securing an undivided Jerusalem.