Since 9 December 2010 Estonia has been the 34th member country of the OECD. 30 September 1961 is considered the official birthday of the OECD – this day the OECD Convention entered into force. The OECD was preceded by the OEEC that was established in 1947 with the aim to run the US-financed Marshall Plan for reconstruction of a continent ravaged by war. By that, individual governments recognized the interdependence of their economies.
What is the OECD? What are its aims? – This is a global forum for new ideas to create prosperity in developed and developing countries. The ideas are related to help people get better education, fighting corruption. The aims of the OECD are: exchange of ideas, problem-solving, meeting challenges, creating new opportunities, encouraging innovation, and preserving the environment. In ideal, the OECD aspires at power of human innovation supported by research, data and analysis shared in an open and co-opetative international forum, working for a better world economy.
The OECD is a leading source of economic data, but it also reaches beyond the numbers – to research, analysis and approving the policies and institutions, making governments more transparent and efficient for the people they serve, encouragement of free and open competition and fair trade, meaning more innovation and lower prices for consumers. At the same time understanding that it takes more than money to make the world go around.
The OECD is also assisting achievement of fair democratic processes. The OECD understands that human creativity builds prosperity and supports internet and information technology, but also sustainable development. It believes in power of human ideas coming all together from over all the world, and working together for the better world economy.
The main ideas supported by the OECD are also reflected by their publications. I have grouped only some of those, but you may look further at http://www.oecdbookshop.org
1. Science, Technology and Innovation
Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators in a Changing World. – Skills for Innovation and Research. – Innovation and the Development Agenda.
University Research Management. – Trends Shaping Education 2008. – Understanding the Social Outcomes of Learning. – What Makes School Systems Perform? – Designs for Learning. – Think Scenarios, Rethink Education. – PISA. Quality Time for Students: Learning In and Out of School. – PISA 2009 Results: Learning to Learn. Student Engagement, Strategies and Practices (Volume III). – PISA. 2009 Results: What Makes a School Successful?
Governance of Public Research. – Governance of Innovation Systems.
Government at a Glance 2009. – Public Sector Leadership for the 21st Century. – Supporting Statebuilding in Situations of Conflict and Fragility. – Conflict and Fragility. Do No Harm. International Support for Statebuilding.
5. Participative democracy
Citizens as Partners. Information, Consultation and Public Participation in Policy-Making. – Local Partnerships for Better Governance.
Energy Balances of OECD Countries 2010. – Energy Balances of non-OECD Countries 2010. – World Energy Outlook 2010. – Uranium 2009.
7. Integrating Economies Amid Diversity
Growth and Sustainability in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa. – Competition Law and Policy in Latin America – Peer Reviews of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Peru.
8. Middle-East, Africa
Progress in Public Management in the Middle East and North Africa. – African Economic Outlook 2010. Globalisation and Emerging Economies.
Shaping Policy Reform and Peer Review in Southeast Asia. Integrating Economies Amid Diversity. – The OECD DAC Handbook on Security System Reform Supporting China in the Global Economy. – Governance in China. Security and Justice. – China in the Global Economy. – Challenges for China’s Public Spending Toward Greater Effectiveness and Equity. – OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform – China: Defining the Boundary between the Market and the State. – Corporate Governance in Asia – A Comparative Perspective. – Regional Integration in the Asia Pacific. Issues and Prospects.
Link to OECD Library: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org